Kaos 2014

Ages ago as the 1980s turned into the 1990s there was a lot of popular talk about chaos.  Chaos theory was one of the newer major breakthroughs in mathematics of the time.  For those born since then, this was around the time that the calculation of Pi was either still being worked out or the mathematicians were double checking the final answer before releasing it to the public and after the discovery of DNA sequencing but way before the human genome was completely known and written down. 

Back then, only the lunatic fringe of astronomers knew what Pluto really was, or even had an idea and endured the denigration of not only the general public but were held down until that monumental astronomical conference in the early 21st century when the opposition left early and did not bother to vote which allowed Pluto to be reclassified as a dwarf planet and the updated theory that Pluto is the first sing of the Kuiper Belt, and as such, it is sort of correct that it is the last planet in the solar system but that is somewhat misleading because it is clearly characteristic of the next region beyond the planets but still within the pull of our one and only Sun. 

The rudimentary basics of chaos theory was simply that nonlinear mathematics can make sense of and become able to make predictable non linear systems.  In actual practice, the meteorological sciences have improved during the past 40 years due in very real part to advances in chaos mathematics. 

Changing Light, changing topics – how do we know?

This week the changing amount of light is really noticeable. The signs of harvest and of Autumn’s cooling and darkening weather are strong here in a – an actual Saxon village of the contemporary real world. That means this is far from the only place with Internet service and a car, but the majority of locals are either actually Saxons, or have become that way from immigration and mixing. There are also foreigners who continue to feel foreign for a long time. Sometimes that is by choice and in some cases it is not. The ease with which can not want to learn the German language makes it more common.

The German language is not that bad once you get the hang of it. There are some major qualities that help. They know it freaks other peoples out quite easily and are so aware that it can be a difficult language that they have built in a joke about that to be used amongst themselves. They pull that one out early to share with people who are clearly attempting to speak German and it isn’t going that smoothly, but with German, often even when done correctly it isn’t smooth. Philosophers who learn the depths of German grammar can devise incredibly complex manageable concepts and expressions using German – which keeps it challenging for those translators. Daunting, but not impossible, apparently.

One of the schools of German thought that I was taught and studied as both an undergraduate and a graduate student of philosophy was the German Immanuel Kant. In this village, there is a street named after him. Kant did some of the preliminary work in epistemology – how do we humans even know anything? What is knowledge? that paved the way for the scientific method.

This topic is neatly covered in one chapter of Five Big Questions in Life and how to answer them. Ideas, facts, the senses, language, and logic are all discussed. The booklet is intended for an introductory audience. It is written so that readers can get enough theory to put to use, and in a way that shows how to use what theory is presented. Philosophy is an activity, not just a set of distant theories. Buy yours now, and learn more about it!